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[31] Polish demographer Piotr Eberhardt maintains that it is commonly agreed that the criterion of declared language to classify ethnic groups led to an overestimation of the number of Poles in pre-war Poland. However, we can estimate the Jewish population based on the postwar census taken by the Jewish community. [26], Congress Poland had a population of about 4.25 million around 1830. The three main native highlander populations were Łemkowie, Bojkowie and Huculi. According to the Lithuanian census of 2011, the Polish minority in Lithuania numbered 200,317 persons or 6.6% of the population of Lithuania. In Russian Empire. 3. The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth just before the Deluge (~1650) appears right in the middle of Westeros and the Seven Kingdoms, replacing the Riverlands a month after Ned Stark's execution. Warsaw 2005. It was the largest and one of the most populous countries of 16th and 17th century Europe, with almost 400,000 square miles (1,000,000 square kilometers) and a multi-ethnic population of about 12 million at its peak in the early 17th century. In the English Parliament in 1606, the example of Scots in Poland had been used as an argument against the Union of Scotland and England. Its growing weakness led to it being divided by its more powerful neighbors, Austria, Prussia and the Russian Empire. According to the national census, which took place on February 14, 1946, population of Poland was 23 930 000, out of which 32% lived in cities and towns, and 68% lived in the countryside. Over time the Commonwealth expanded, and has seen its greatest growth under the rule of its current King and Grand Duke, Augustus III. 9.XII 1931 r. - Mieszkania i gospodarstwa domowe ludność", pl:Deportacje z terenów Śląska do Związku Radzieckiego w 1945 roku, Polish Ministry of Internal Affairs and Administration, http://wiadomosci.onet.pl/swiat/sueddeutsche-zeitung-polska-przezywa-najwieksza-fale-emigracji-od-100-lat/yrtt0, "Deutsche Verwaltungsgeschichte Provinz Posen, Kreis Posen", "Deutsche Verwaltungsgeschichte Schlesien, Breslau", "Deutsche Verwaltungsgeschichte Westpreuen, Danzig", "Deutsche Verwaltungsgeschichte Westpreuen, Thorn", "Deutsche Verwaltungsgeschichte Pommern, Kreis Stettin", "Deutsche Verwaltungsgeschichte Provinz Posen, Kreis Bromberg", "retro-bib – Seite aus Meyers Konversationslexikon: Bromberg – Bromelia", Commonwealth of Diverse Cultures: Poland's Heritage, historical demographical data for Poland - 19th and 20th centuries, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographic_history_of_Poland&oldid=997403757, Articles lacking reliable references from February 2020, Articles with Polish-language sources (pl), Articles lacking reliable references from November 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 09:50. Rusyns, the largest minority group, are scattered in various northern districts. This reduced the power of the monarch. After both occupiers divided the territory of Poland between themselves, they conducted a series of actions aimed at suppression of Polish culture and repression of much of the Polish people. From the mid-16th to the late-18th century Poland and Lithuania merged to form the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, a state that was dissolved … The Partition of Poland would begin in 1772, decreasing the size of Lithuania. Population December 1950 Per Census The total population per the December 1950 census was 25 million. Moreover, the decades of peace brought huge colonization efforts to Ukraine, heightening the tensions among nobles, Jews, Cossacks (traditionally Orthodox), Polish and Ruthenian peasants. Alternate Scenario(s) 1. Whilst the Lublin Union passed new laws, the Commonwealth was predicated on the extension of certain laws already established within the Crown. See also Islam in Poland. 2. This group included 1,130,000 bi-lingual Polish-German persons who declared their allegiance to Poland. By the end of the 19th century, many of Lithuania's Jews fled Eastern Europe to escape the Anti-Jewish pogroms in the Russian Empire and the anti-Semitism. The Most Serene Kingdoms of The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth is a colossal, environmentally stunning nation, remarkable for its absence of drug laws. Green symbolizes the country's beautiful forests, freedom, hope. It is the result of a dualistic union between the nations of Poland and Lithuania in 1569. The Commonwealth developed a system of laws and legislature. By the first partition the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth lost about 211,000 square kilometres (81,000 sq mi) (30% of its territory, amounting at that time to about 733,000 square kilometres (283,000 sq mi)), with a population of over four to five million people (about a third of its population of fourteen million before the partitions). This resulted from Poland's possession of Ukraine and federation with Lithuania; in both these countries ethnic Poles were a distinct minority. [52], 9. After the Counter-Reformation, when the Roman Catholic Church regained power in Poland, the szlachta became almost exclusively Roman Catholic, despite the fact that Roman Catholicism was not a majority religion (the Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches counted approximately 40% of the population each, while the remaining 20% were Jews and members of various Protestant churches). [40] Others were also expelled [41][circular reference]. In theory, the two countries of the Commonwealth were equal. Most of this group emigrated to Germany after 1956. In the west and north, many cities had sizable German minorities, often belonging to Reformed churches. In 1791, Poland and Lithuania attempted to centralise further but in 1793 most of Lithuania ceased to exist. The major basis for estimating the Polish–Lithuanian commonwealth's population in the early modern epoch is fiscal registration: field collections in the second half of the 16th century, the hearth tax of 1629, the poll tax of 1662–1676, and the state census for 1789, which did not include the nobility or clergy Gieysztorowa, 1976, Guldon & Wajda, 1970. In addition 970,000 Jews from other nations were murdered in the Nazi extermination camps in Poland. Stowarzyszenia Prawników Polskich w Zjednoczonym Królestwie [1941], Piotr Eberhardt, Ethnic Groups and Population Changes in Twentieth-Century Central-Eastern Europe: History, Data, Analysis M.E. The song was written to boost the morale of Polish soldiers after the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was erased from the map. The democratic population of 5.292 billion Polish-Lithuanians hold their civil and political rights very dear, although the wealthy and those in business tend to be viewed with suspicion. Polish Lithuanian Commonwealt is ranked 79,213 th in the world and 3,854 th in The East Pacific for Largest Publishing Industry, scoring 3,402.23 on … [37], 2. Tatars arrived as mercenary soldiers beginning in the late 14th century. [2] Around 1370 Poland had 2 million inhabitants with a population density of 8.6 per square kilometre. At that time other notable minorities included various incompletely assimilated people from other Slavic tribes (some of whom would eventually merge totally into the Polish people, while others merged into neighboring nations). Institute of National Remembrance(IPN) Warszawa 2009, Stephane Courtois, The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression, Harvard Univ Pr, 1999. Rozkwit i upadek I Rzeczypospolitej, pod redakcją Richarda Butterwicka, Warszawa 2010, s. 28. Although the population of the Kingdom of Poland in late Middle Ages consisted mostly of Poles, influx of other cultures was significant: particularly notable were Jewish and German settlers, who often formed significant minorities or even majorities in urban centers. This circumstance resulted from Poland 's possession of Ukraine and federation with Lithuania , in both of which countries ethnic Poles were a distinct minority. The Polish Commonwealth is famed for its majestic Winged Hussars. 1. Can it establish itself properly, or will it perish? Most Germans were expelled from Poland and the annexed east German territories at the end of the war, while many Ukrainians, Rusyns and Belarusians lived in territories incorporated into the USSR. Figures as % of Total Population. This further increased the sizable community of Polish Jews. It ended with the final Partitions of Poland in 1795. At its peak in the early 17th century, the Commonwealth spanned some 450,000 square miles (1,200,000 km 2) and sustained a multi-ethnic population of 11 million. The Jewish community, almost entirely Polonized, has been greatly reduced. Yellow symbolizes the sun and light. In 1618, after the Truce of Deulino the population of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth increased together with its territory, reaching 12 million. However either 6-10% of the commonwealth population was noble compared to … A week after the Starks' arrival in King's Landing In the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth after that time, Jewish population growth was probably a consequence of natural increase, the difference between birth and death rates. The official name of the state was The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Polish: Królestwo Polskie i Wielkie Księstwo Litewskie, Lithuanian: Lenkijos Karalystė ir Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė, Template:Lang-ua, Template:Lang-be, Latin: Regnum Poloniae Magnusque Ducatus Lithuaniae) and the Latin term was usually used in international treaties and diplomacy. "In the mid-1500s, united Poland was the largest state in Europe and perhaps the continent’s most powerful nation". Polska 1939–1945. As a result of the migrations and the Soviet Unions radically altered borders under the rule of Joseph Stalin, the population of Poland became one of the most ethnically homogeneous in the world. The census of that year allocates 30.8% of the population in the minority. [9] Major towns in Poland included: Gdańsk (Danzig in German) (70,000), Kraków (28,000), Warsaw (20,000-30,000), Poznań (20,000), Lwów (Lviv) (20,000), Elbląg (Elbing) (15,000), Toruń (Thorn) (12,000), Sandomierz (4,000-5,000), Kazimierz Dolny (4,000-5,000) and Gniezno (4,000-5,000). Since the collapse of the USSR, Polish scholars have been able to do research in the Soviet archives on Polish losses during the Soviet occupation. Virtually all people in Poland claim Polish nationality, with Polish as their native tongue. [28], According to historian Norman Davies the Polish census of 1931 listed the nationalities by language as Polish, 69% of the population, Ukrainian, 15%, Jews 8.5%, Belarusian, 4.70%, German, 2.2%, Russian 0.25%, Lithuanian, 0.25%, Czech 0.09%,[30] Norman Davies included the Ruthenians with the Ukrainians however the Polish census figures list them as separate group with 3.82% of the population. 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