During the Indian Independence Movement, many Tamil poets and writers sought to provoke national spirit, social equity and secularist thoughts among the common man, notably Subramanya Bharathy and Bharathidasan. After the demise of C. N. Annadurai, M. Karunanidhi became the leader of the party which was supported by majority leaders including then famous actor M. G. Ramachandran. Dheeran Chinnamalai (1756–1805), Polygar chieftain of Kongu and ally of Tipu Sultan who fought the British in the Second Polygar War. , Thoothukudi is the place of origin of the Thoothukudi macaroon, Tirunelveli is known for its wheat Halva, Salem is renowned for its unique mangoes, Madurai is the place of origin of the milk dessert Jigarthanda while Palani is known for its Panchamirtham. The state has 17,000 hectares of land under oil palm cultivation, the second highest in India.  The analysis of primary school education in the state by Pratham shows a low drop-off rate but the poor quality of state education compared to other states.  In Adichanallur, 24 km (15 mi) from Tirunelveli, archaeologists from the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) unearthed 169 clay urns containing human skulls, skeletons, bones, husks, grains of rice, charred rice, and celts of the Neolithic period, 3,800 years ago. The population density is 550 people per square kilometer. The first generator was commissioned in July 1979. The state generates a significant proportion of its power needs from renewable sources with wind power installed capacity at over 7154 MW, accounting for 38 per cent of total installed wind power in India . The state accounted for 13.6 per cent of all accidents in the country with 66,238 accidents in 2013, 11.3 per cent of all road accident deaths and 15 per cent of all road-related injuries, according to data provided by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.  It is one of the oldest Indian literature amongst all others.  The Sangam literature also deals with human relations and emotions. However, in absolute numbers it … Tamil Nadu- A land of cultural and religious heritage, offers every chance to its tourists and pilgrims to be enchanted with the vast plethora of history and beauty that it has. Major national and global IT companies such as Atos Syntel, Infosys, Wipro, HCL Technologies, Tata Consultancy Services, Verizon, Hewlett-Packard Enterprise, Amazon.com, Capgemini, CGI, PayPal, IBM, NTT DATA, Accenture, Ramco Systems, Robert Bosch GmbH, DXC Technology, Cognizant, Tech Mahindra, Virtusa, LTI, Mphasis, Mindtree, Zoho, and many others have offices in Tamil Nadu. Here we have A to Z information for you. There are 29 national highways in the state, covering a total distance of 5,006.14 km (3,110.67 mi). Some of the notable educational institutes present in Tamil Nadu are Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Anna University, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, College of Engineering, Guindy, Madras Institute of Technology, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore Institute of Technology, Government College of Technology, Coimbatore, Indian Institute of Management Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University, Tamil Nadu National Law University, Government Law College, Coimbatore, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Madras Medical College, Stanley Medical College, Madras Veterinary College, University of Madras, Vellore Institute of Technology, Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore Medical College and Institute of Road and Transport Technology. The state has registered the lowest fertility rate in India in the year 2005–06 with 1.7 children born for each woman, lower than required for population sustainability. Tamil Nadu MBBS Seat Matrix in Government Medical Colleges-2020 The Cholas went on to becoming a great power and built some of the most imposing religious structures in their lifetime and they also renovated temples and buildings of the Pallavas, acknowledging their common socio-religious and cultural heritage. According to the tradition, St. Thomas, one of the twelve apostles, landed in Malabar Coast in 52 CE. According to 2011 Census of India figures, 87.58% of Tamil Nadu's population are Hindus, 6.12% are Christians, 5.86% are Muslims, 0.12% are Jains, 0.02% are Buddhists and 0.02% are Sikhs. , Distribution of languages in Tamil Nadu, Tamil is the sole official language of Tamil Nadu while English is declared an additional official language for communication purposes. Im Westen und Nordwesten bestimmen Berg- und Hügelländer das Landschaftsbild. 48.4 per cent of the state's population lives in urban areas, the third-highest percentage among large states in India. During this final day, Kaanum Pongal – the word kaanum, means 'to view' in Tamil. The data for 2019 & 2020 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. 2, August 2011., p. 191-202, "Little Punjab in Tamil Nadu: Bunch of farmers make arid land cultivable in Ramanad", "Total population by religious communities", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_in_Tamil_Nadu&oldid=998309132, Religion in India by state or union territory, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 20:13. Web Title : tamil nadu gst collection grow 8 percent in december 2020 Tamil News from Samayam Tamil, TIL Network The state is home to a number of historic buildings, multi-religious pilgrimage sites, hill stations and three World Heritage sites.. In 2004–2005, the poverty line was set at ₹351.86/month for rural areas and ₹547.42/month for urban areas. Almost every part of the state is well connected by buses 24 hours a day. Nawabs of the Carnatic bestowed tax revenue collection rights on the East India Company for defeating the Kingdom of Mysore.  Coimbatore is the second largest software producer in the state, next to Chennai..  It also accommodates sporting events, both at the domestic and international level, organised by other sports associations at its venues. Islam is the third largest religion of Tamil Nadu accounting for around 5.86 percent of the population according to the 2011 census. Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Coimbatore is a multi-purpose stadium in Coimbatore constructed in 1971 which is used to host I-League football matches.  The Tamil Nadu Police Force is over 140 years old. In the south, Nawabs granted taxation rights to the British which led to conflicts between British and the Palaiyakkarar, which resulted in series of wars called Polygar war to establish independent states by the aspiring Palaiyakkarar.  The traditional sports of Tamil Nadu include Silambam, a Tamil martial arts played with a long bamboo staff, cockfight, Jallikattu, a bull taming sport famous on festival occasions, ox-wagon racing known as Rekkala, kite flying also known as Pattam viduthal, Goli, the game with marbles, Aadu Puli, the "goat and tiger" game and Kabaddi also known as Sadugudu. The British and French were competing to expand the trade in the northern parts of Tamil Nadu which also witnessed many battles like Battle of Wandiwash as part of the Seven Years' War. The overall pass percentage is this year is 92.3%. and B.Tech programs in the engineering colleges of Tamil Nadu. The network connects the state with most major cities in India. The first month in the Tamil calendar is Chittirai and the first day of this month in mid-April is celebrated as Tamil New Year. Muhammad Ali Khan Wallajah surrendered much of his territory to the East India Company which firmly established the British in the northern parts. Ramachandran Central Railway Station, Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation, List of countries where Tamil is an official language, List of dams and reservoirs in Tamil Nadu, "Tamil Nadu: K. Shanmugam appointed as new Tamil Nadu Chief Secretary", Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "52nd report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India (July 2014 to June 2015)", Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly history 2012, "The Living culture of the Tamils; The UNESCO Courier: a window open on the world", "AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION INTO LOCAL PUBLIC OPINION ON SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES IN SELECTED DISTRICTS IN TAMIL NADU", "Science News : Archaeology – Anthropology : Sharp stones found in India signal surprisingly early toolmaking advances", "The Washington Post : Very old, very sophisticated tools found in India.  The total children under the age of 6 is 7,423,832.  Tirupur is the country's largest exporter of knitwear. , The Buddhist philosophy and its growth in Tamil Nadu had great influence before the 12th century AD.  Many of them retain some Jain customs such as vegetarianism.  Unique cultural features like Bharatanatyam (dance), Tanjore painting, and Tamil architecture were developed and continue to be practised in Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu falls mostly in a region of low seismic hazard with the exception of the western border areas that lie in a low to moderate hazard zone; as per the 2002 Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) map, Tamil Nadu falls in Zones II and III. There are a total of 27,878,282 workers, comprising 4,738,819 cultivators, 6,062,786 agricultural labourers, 1,261,059 in house hold industries, 11,695,119 other workers, 4,120,499 marginal workers, 377,220 marginal cultivators, 2,574,844 marginal agricultural labourers, 238,702 marginal workers in household industries and 929,733 other marginal workers.  The available literature from this period was categorised and compiled in the 10th century into two categories based roughly on chronology. The chieftains of these Palayams were known as Palaiyakkarar (or 'polygar' as called by British) and were ruling under the nawabs of the Carnatic. , For the year 2014–15 Tamil Nadu's GSDP was ₹9.767 trillion (US$140 billion), and growth was 14.86. Tamil Nadu (Tamil: [ˈtamiɻ ˈnaːɽɯ] (listen)) is one of the 28 states of India. Some scholars believe that Jain philosophy entered South India in the sixth century BCE.The Tamil Jains are ancient natives of Tamil Nadu and belong to the Digambara sect. Narasimhavarman II built the Shore Temple which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Temples such as the Meenakshi Amman Temple at Madurai and Nellaiappar Temple at Tirunelveli are the best examples of Pandyan temple architecture. According to 2011 Census of India figures, 87.58% of Tamil Nadu's population are Hindus, 6.12% are Christians, 5.86% are Muslims, 0.12% are Jains, 0.02% are Buddhists and 0.02% are Sikhs.. Tamil Nadu has a well-developed rail network as part of Southern Railway. The gymnosperm diversity of the country is 64 species of which Tamil Nadu has four indigenous species and about 60 introduced species. Students who have appeared for the examination can check their result on the official site of tnresults.nic.in, dge1.tn.nic.in & dge2.tn.nic.in. They controlled the pearl fisheries along the south coast of India, between Sri Lanka and India, which produced some of the finest pearls in the known ancient world.  Major global automobile companies including BMW, Ford, Robert Bosch, Renault-Nissan, Caterpillar, Hyundai, Mitsubishi Motors, and Michelin as well as Indian automobile majors like Mahindra & Mahindra, Ashok Leyland, Eicher Motors, Isuzu Motors, TI cycles, Hindustan Motors, TVS Motors, Irizar-TVS, Royal Enfield, MRF, Apollo Tyres, TAFE Tractors, Daimler AG Company invested ₹4 billion for establishing a new plant in Tamil Nadu. Rajendra Chola's navy went even further, occupying coasts from Burma (now) to Vietnam, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Sumatra, Java, Malaya, Philippines in South East Asia and Pegu islands. Modern-day Tamil Nadu was formed in 1956 after the reorganisation of states on linguistic lines. Puli Thevar was one of the earliest opponents of the British rule in South India. The second day, Surya Pongal is the main day which falls on the first day of the tenth Tamil month of Thai (14 January or 15 January in the western calendar).  Tamil cinema is one of the largest industries of film production in India. The Kalpakkam Nuclear Power Plant, Ennore Thermal Plant, Neyveli Lignite Power Plant, many hydroelectric plants including Mettur Dam, hundreds of windmills and the Narimanam Natural Gas Plants are major sources of Tamil Nadu's electricity. Tamil Nadu is the seventh most populous state in India. CHENNAI: A greater percentage of candidates from Tamil Nadu have cleared NEET this year -- (57.44%) -- compared to last (48.57%). In Tamil Nadu, the television industry is influenced by politics and majority of the channels are owned by politicians or people with political links. 90, No. The Tamil Nadu government moved more than 227,000 vulnerable people to relief camps before the cyclone made the landfall on November 25 night at Marakkanam in Villupuram district. Cities and towns are administered by Municipal corporations and Municipalities respectively. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian subcontinent and is bordered by the union territory of Puducherry and the South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. Tamil Nadu has six Nationalised Home Banks which originated in this state; Two government-sector banks Indian Bank and Indian Overseas Bank in Chennai, and four private-sector banks City Union Bank in Kumbakonam, Karur Vysya Bank, Lakshmi Vilas Bank in Karur, and Tamilnad Mercantile Bank Limited in Tuticorin. The categories are: Pathinenmaelkanakku (The Major Eighteen Anthology Series) comprising Eṭṭuttokai (The Eight Anthologies) and the Pattupattu (Ten Idylls) and Pathinenkilkanakku (The Minor Eighteen Anthology Series).  In 2003, the state had a total police population ratio of 1:668, higher than the national average of 1:717. Neyveli Airport is being renovated since 2019 to start the service from mid 2020.  With a generating capacity of 648 MWp at a single location, it is the world's sixth largest (as of 2018) solar park. Ltd", "Youth Welfare & Sports Development Department", "Sports development authority of Tamil Nadu, Chennai 600 084", "Great Living Chola Temples – UNESCO World Heritage Centre", The Official Site of the Government of Tamil Nadu, Official Tourism Site of Tamil Nadu, India, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tamil_Nadu&oldid=998445708, States and territories established in 1950, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles lacking reliable references from December 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Another demand is that a new district with the taluka, The Federation of North Chennai People's Welfare associations urged to bifurcate, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 12:01. The Hindu population has been suffering a decline due to Muslim domination. The top engineering colleges in Tamil Nadu have been a major recruiting hub for the IT firms. There has been a steady rise in Muslim population. Major railway junctions (four and above lines) in the state are Chennai, Coimbatore, Katpadi, Madurai, Salem, Erode, Dindigul, Karur, Nagercoil, Tiruchirapalli, and Tirunelveli.  Coimbatore is often referred to as the "Manchester of South India" due to its cotton production and textile industries. Indian Angiosperm diversity comprises 17,672 species with Tamil Nadu leading all states in the country, with 5640 species accounting for 1/3 of the total flora of India.  Its official language is Tamil, which is one of the longest-surviving classical languages in the world. Nirupama Vaidyanathan, the first Indian women to play in a grand slam tournament also hails from the state.  Tamil Nadu ranks first nationwide in diesel-based thermal electricity generation with a national market share of over 34 per cent. From Tamil Nadu total 1, 23,078 number of candidate appeared in NEET 2019 and 59,785 number of students qualified in NEET 2019, so In Tamil Nadu NEET 2019 qualified percentage is 48.57%. Swaminathan, known as the "father of the Indian Green Revolution" was from Tamil Nadu. Such a phenomenon is unheard of.’ 2020 India Population: By Religion, State Wise, Density, City Wise, and More details given here. Tamil Nadu is mostly dependent on monsoon rains and thereby is prone to droughts when the monsoons fail.  When India adopted national standards Tamil was the first language to be recognised as a classical language of India. Later, South Indian Liberal Federation was adopted as its official name. The Cholas were prolific temple builders right from the times of the first medieval king Vijayalaya Chola. , Christianity is the second largest religion in the state. The Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative ranks Tamil Nadu to have a Multidimensional Poverty Index of 0.141, which is in the level of Ghana among the developing countries. Literacy rate in Tamil Nadu has seen upward trend and is 80.09 percent as per 2011 population census. Kanyakumari district has about 46 percent Christian population. The term length of the government is five years. The result is now activated on tnresults.nic.in.  The former North Arcot and South Arcot (now Tiruvannamalai, Vellore, Cuddalore and Villupuram Districts) districts have a large number of Jain temples, as well as a significant Jain population. Tamil Nadu has four mobile service providers including BSNL, Airtel, JIO and Vodafone Idea. His work highlighted Tamil folk lyricism and introduced broader Western musical sensibilities to the south Indian musical mainstream. , Tamil written literature has existed for over 2,000 years. Hundreds of leather and tannery facilities are located around Vellore and its nearby towns. According to the 2011 Census, Tamil Nadu is the most urbanised state in India (49 per cent), accounting for 9.6 per cent of the urban population while only comprising 6 per cent of India's total population.  The Pallavas ruled parts of South India with Kanchipuram as their capital. The location was selected because of its nearness to the equator like the Sriharikota spaceport in the Satish Dhawan Space Centre.. 2020 Tamil Nadu Population: Sex Ratio, Literacy, Projected Census 2012-2020 and More details given here. One of the earliest regional parties, the South Indian Welfare Association, a forerunner to Dravidian parties in Tamil Nadu, was started in 1916. 1.10 per cent of the population belonged to Scheduled tribes (ST) Other Backward Classes (OBCs) form 68% of Tamil nadu population. The SDAT – TNSRA Squash Academy in Chennai is one of the very few academics in South Asia hosting international squash events.  Thevar's prominent exploits were his confrontations with Marudhanayagam, who later rebelled against the British in the late 1750s and early 1760s. Tamil Nadu Caste/Religion Wise population, Tamil Nadu Caste wise demographics, Demographics of TamilNadu, Tamil Nadu Religion wise population, Tamil Nadu Population, Tamil Nadu Population and Census, Religion in TamilNadu, Tamil Nadu Basic Information, vanniyar population in tamilnadu, Tamil Nadu Hindu Muslim Christian Population Percentage, tamilnadu caste list Eligibility Requirements for … The Centre for Policy Studies (CPS) has posted its twenty-fourth note on the Religion Census of 2011 on its website.The note is on the distribution and growth of Christians and Muslims in Tamil Nadu.  The earliest period of Tamil literature, Sangam literature, is roughly dated from ca. Tamil Nadu is also home to the Tamil film industry nicknamed as "Kollywood", which released the most number of films in India in 2013.  Tamil television serials form a major prime time source of entertainment and are directed usually by one director unlike American television series, where often several directors and writers work together. The loco shed at Erode is a huge composite electric and diesel Loco shed. The Pudukkottai Thondaimans rose to power over the Pudukkottai area by the end of the 17th Century. , India has a human development index calculated as 0.619, while the corresponding figure for Tamil Nadu is 0.736, placing it among the top states in the country. The centenary old Pamban Bridge over sea connecting Rameswaram in Pamban island to the mainland is an engineering marvel. Chennai is known as the Detroit of India. This is nearly 2.5 times higher than the density of all-India road network.  Sangam literature is primarily secular, dealing with everyday themes in a Tamilakam context. At its peak, the empire spanned almost 3,600,000 km2 (1,400,000 sq mi). This SPV named as "Chennai Metro Rail Limited" was incorporated on 3 December 2007 under the Companies Act. , A Neolithic stone celt (a hand-held axe) with the Indus script on it was discovered at Sembian-Kandiyur near Mayiladuthurai in Tamil Nadu. This eventually resulted in the further weakening of the empire; many Nayaks declared themselves independent, among whom the Nayaks of Madurai and Tanjore were the first to declare their independence, despite initially maintaining loose links with the Vijayanagara kingdom. It was a non-political party which demanded the establishment of an independent state called Dravida Nadu. Tamil Nadu has centers of worship for a multitude of faiths. Tamil Nadu has 37 universities, 552 engineering colleges 449 polytechnic colleges and 566 arts and science colleges, 34,335 elementary schools, 5,167 high schools, 5,054 higher secondary schools and 5,000 hospitals. He wrote: ‘There is no archaeological evidence of a southward migration through the Deccan after the end of the urban phase of the Indus Valley Civilisation The only actual evidence of movements at that period is of Late Harappans migrating towards the Ganges plains and towards Gujarat... Migration apart, there is a complete absence of Harappan artefacts and features south of the Vindhyas: no Harappan designs on pottery, no Harappan seals, crafts and ornaments, no trace of Harappan urbanism… Cultural continuity from Harappan to historical times has been increasingly documented in North India, but not in the South… This means, in effect, that the south-bound Late Harappans would have reverted from an advanced urban bronze-age culture to a Neolithic one! Vishnu is either worshiped directly or in the form of his ten avatars, most famous of whom are Rama and Krishna.  From the early 2010s, Direct to Home has become increasingly popular replacing cable television services. Tamil Nadu is the seventh most populous state in India. ", Skeletons dating back 3,800 years throw light on evolution, "The Hindu : National : 'Rudimentary Tamil-Brahmi script' unearthed at Adichanallur", "How a recent archaeological discovery throws light on the history of Tamil script", "Keezhadi excavation leads to ancient civilisation on the banks of Vaigai", "Excavation begins at Alagankulam archaeological site", "Cauvery River – Britannica Online Encyclopedia", "Tamil Cultural Association – Tamil Language", "History | Pudukkottai District, Government of Tamilnadu | India", "July 10, 1806 – The Vellore Mutiny Breaks out Against the British", "July, 1806 Vellore – S. Anand – Jul 17,2006", "Vidyasagar Rao assumes office as acting Governor of Tamil Nadu", "Tamil Nadu Governor appoints Edappadi K Palaniswami as chief minister – Times of India", "Justice AP Sahi sworn-in as Chief Justice of Madras High Court", "Members of Parliament from Tamil Nadu State | Tamil Nadu Government Portal", "Women police personnel face bias, says report", "List of Municipalities in Tamil Nadu Gradewise", "Increase in demands for new districts in Tamil Nadu", "CM will announce Kumbakonam district soon: Min | Trichy News - Times of India", "Minister visits villages to receive grievance applications", "Increase in demands for new districts in Tamil Nadu - The New Indian Express", "Tamil Nadu Assembly: Chief Minister Plans for Three New Districts in the State", "India Stats: Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011", "Population by religion community – 2011", "Population By Religious Community – Tamil Nadu", "Front Page : Tamil to be a classical language", "When Tamil Nadu proposed a State flag nearly five decades ago", "Tamilnadu – The Dance of Celestial Deities", Definitive Editions of Ancient Tamil Works, "Chera, Chola, Pandya: Using Archaeological Evidence to Identify the Tamil Kingdoms of Early Historic South India", "Palani excavation triggers fresh debate", "Delay, howlers in Tamil Lexicon embarrass scholars", "Alanganallur-Jallikattu, Madurai, Tamil Nadu", "Tamil, Telugu film industries outshine Bollywood", "Cinema ticket rate revision reflects a balancing act", "Metro Plus Chennai / Madras Miscellany : The pioneer'Tamil' film-maker", "Jayalalithaa govt scraps free TV scheme in Tamil Nadu", "What Happens When a State Is Run by Movie Stars", "Sun TV seals deal with Arasu at Rs 3cr a month", "FY-2015: Inflection point for DTH companies in India", MS Swaminathan Research Foundatation 2010, "India's Gems and Jewellery Market is Glittering", "Tamil Nadu Poultry Industry Seeks Export Concessions", Challenges to textile and apparel industry in Tamil Nadu 2000, "Nick Names of India Places Manchester of India Ahmedabad Cochin Queen of Arabian Sea – General Knowledge in India", "The Indian Express – Google News Archive Search", "Leather exports from India: Going strong! 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Coast in 52 CE meet at the Fort St. George [ 40 ] and established a post! Software producer in the Western Ghats and the south-central regions are arid plains and the eastern Ghats at. And thereby is prone to droughts when the monsoons fail in verse form, with prose becoming. Country is 64 species of which Tamil Nadu has four indigenous species and about introduced... Kanchipuram as their capital as it supplies two-thirds of India and parts of this day in.